Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Cardio = Heart
Pulmonary = Lungs
Resuscitate = Revive
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation = Reviving The Heart & Lungs
CPR is a technique that is used in an emergency when a person's heart has stopped beating & also their breathing has stopped.
If you find someone collapsed, you can use the method
"DR ABC "
Keep calm & check 'DR ABC"
Ensure there are no dangers or harm to yourself & other bystanders or the casualty.
Do you have to Ask yourself that Why has the casualty collapsed?
Are there any hazards?
Am I at risk?
Danger could include - Electricity, Moving Vehicle, Fire, etc.
You have to Only help if it is safe to do so.
Try & wake the causality up - are they responsive?
Kneel by his/her head, shout in both ears & tap them on the shoulders
If no response then the casualty is unconscious
If the casualty does not wake up they are unconscious
This is an emergency
Try & attract attention to yourself/the casualty by shouting with help.
However, do not leave the casualty.
Airway (Head Tilt & Chin Lift)
The airway is the tube that takes air from the nose/mouth to the lungs.
When a casualty is unconscious, their tongue can fall backward & block their airway.
This can cause an obstruction & stop the casualty from breathing to open someone's airway, place one hand on their forehead & tilt their head backward.
Then place two fingers on the bony part of their chin & lift it.
Keep your hands on the persons head/chin
Place/keep your cheek above their mouth & look at their chest
Look, Listen & Feel they're for regular breathing for up to 10 seconds
Irregular shallow gasps are not normal breathing = Agonal breathing = Not breathing
Call An Ambulance
If a casualty is not breathing normally in that case call an emergency ambulance immediately.
If a bystander or someone is available then they can call the ambulance for you
Ensure you have to tell the operator that you have an unconscious or non-breathing casualty.