NEBOSH IGC: 25 NEBOSH IGC Exam Questions and Answers

25 NEBOSH IGC Exam Questions and Answers
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NEBOSH IGC: 25 NEBOSH IGC Exam Questions and Answers

1. Introduction to NEBOSH IGC Exam

The NEBOSH International General Certificate (IGC) is a prestigious qualification designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of health and safety principles and practices in the workplace.

2. Importance of NEBOSH IGC Certification

NEBOSH IGC certification is highly regarded by employers globally as it demonstrates an individual’s competence in managing health and safety effectively, ensuring a safe working environment for employees.

3. Structure of NEBOSH IGC Exam

3.1 Unit IG1: Management of Health and Safety

Unit IG1 focuses on the fundamental aspects of health and safety management, including legal requirements, risk assessment, and implementing control measures to mitigate hazards.

3.2 Unit IG2: Risk Assessment

Unit IG2 emphasizes the importance of conducting thorough risk assessments to identify workplace hazards, evaluate risks, and implement appropriate control measures to prevent accidents and injuries.

4. Overview of Exam Format

The NEBOSH IGC exam comprises two units: IG1 and IG2. Each unit is assessed separately through written examinations, consisting of multiple-choice questions and long-answer questions.

5. Sample NEBOSH IGC Exam Questions and Answers

Here are 25 NEBOSH IGC (International General Certificate) exam questions along with their answers:

Question 1: What is the main purpose of conducting a risk assessment?

Answer 1: The main purpose of conducting a risk assessment is to identify potential hazards, evaluate the risks associated with them, and implement measures to control or mitigate those risks.

Question 2: Define the term “ergonomics” in the context of workplace safety.

Answer 2: Ergonomics is the study of designing equipment, tasks, and environments that fit the capabilities and limitations of the human body, aiming to optimize efficiency, comfort, and safety.

Question 3: Why is it important for employees to be trained in emergency procedures?

Answer 3: Employees need to be trained in emergency procedures to ensure they can respond quickly and effectively to emergencies, minimizing injuries and damage to property.

Question 4: Explain the hierarchy of controls used in managing workplace hazards.

Answer 4: The hierarchy of controls ranks control measures from most effective to least effective: Elimination, Substitution, Engineering Controls, Administrative Controls, and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Question 5: What is the purpose of a safety data sheet (SDS)?

Answer 5: The purpose of a safety data sheet is to provide detailed information about the hazards of a chemical substance, including its composition, safe handling procedures, and emergency response measures.

Question 6: Describe the concept of “safety culture” within an organization.

Answer 6: Safety culture refers to the attitudes, beliefs, and values regarding safety within an organization, influencing how employees prioritize safety, communicate about hazards, and engage in safety-related behaviors.

Question 7: What is the role of a safety committee in promoting workplace safety?

Answer 7: The role of a safety committee is to facilitate communication between management and employees regarding safety concerns, review safety policies and procedures, and make recommendations for improving safety in the workplace.

Question 8: What are the key components of a fire risk assessment?

Answer 8: The key components of a fire risk assessment include identifying fire hazards, evaluating the risks posed by those hazards, implementing control measures to mitigate the risks, and planning for emergency response and evacuation.

Question 9: Define the term “near miss” in the context of workplace safety.

Answer 9: A near miss is an unplanned event that could have resulted in injury, illness, or damage, but did not, often providing an opportunity to identify and address underlying hazards before an actual incident occurs.

Question 10: Explain the concept of “permit-to-work” systems in hazardous work environments.

Answer 10: Permit-to-work systems are formal procedures used to control hazardous work activities by requiring authorization from management before work begins, ensuring that proper precautions are taken to prevent accidents.

Question 11: What is the purpose of conducting accident investigations in the workplace?

Answer 11: The purpose of conducting accident investigations is to identify the root causes of accidents or incidents, determine contributing factors, and implement corrective actions to prevent similar incidents from occurring in the future.

Question 12: Describe the principles of effective manual handling techniques.

Answer 12: The principles of effective manual handling techniques include assessing the load before lifting, maintaining a stable base of support, keeping the load close to the body, and using the legs to lift rather than the back.

Question 13: Why is it important for employers to provide adequate training on the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)?

Answer 13: Employers need to provide adequate training on the use of PPE to ensure that employees understand how to use it correctly, when it is necessary, and its limitations in providing protection against workplace hazards.

Question 14: What are the main factors that contribute to work-related stress?

Answer 14: The main factors that contribute to work-related stress include high workload, lack of control over work tasks, poor interpersonal relationships, and insufficient support from management.

Question 15: Explain the concept of “confined spaces” and the associated hazards.

Answer 15: Confined spaces are enclosed or partially enclosed spaces with limited entry and exit points, posing hazards such as poor ventilation, presence of toxic gases, and risk of engulfment or entrapment.

Question 16: What is the purpose of conducting regular workplace inspections?

Answer 16: The purpose of conducting regular workplace inspections is to identify potential hazards, assess the effectiveness of existing control measures, and ensure compliance with safety regulations and standards.

Question 17: Describe the steps involved in developing a safety management system.

Answer 17: The steps involved in developing a safety management system include conducting a risk assessment, establishing safety policies and procedures, implementing control measures, providing training, and continuously monitoring and reviewing safety performance.

Question 18: What are the key components of a workplace emergency response plan?

Answer 18: The key components of a workplace emergency response plan include emergency evacuation procedures, communication protocols, roles and responsibilities of personnel, and arrangements for emergency services.

Question 19: Explain the concept of “workplace violence” and its impact on employee safety.

Answer 19: Workplace violence refers to any act or threat of physical violence, harassment, intimidation, or other disruptive behavior that occurs in the workplace, posing significant risks to employee safety and well-being.

Question 20: Why is it important for employers to promote good ergonomic practices in the workplace?

Answer 20: Employers need to promote good ergonomic practices in the workplace to prevent musculoskeletal disorders, reduce the risk of injuries, and improve employee comfort, productivity, and morale.

Question 21: Describe the role of safety signs and labels in hazard communication.

Answer 21: Safety signs and labels communicate important safety information, such as warnings, prohibitions, and emergency procedures, to employees and visitors, helping to prevent accidents and injuries in the workplace.

Question 22: What are the main types of workplace hazards?

Answer 22: The main types of workplace hazards include physical hazards (e.g., noise, vibration), chemical hazards (e.g., toxic substances, flammable materials), biological hazards (e.g., viruses, bacteria), ergonomic hazards, and psychosocial hazards.

Question 23: Explain the concept of “workplace exposure limits” for hazardous substances.

Answer 23: Workplace exposure limits are established limits on the concentration or level of exposure to hazardous substances in the workplace, designed to protect workers from adverse health effects and ensure compliance with safety regulations.

Question 24: What are the responsibilities of employers and employees in maintaining workplace safety?

Answer 24: Employers are responsible for providing a safe work environment, conducting risk assessments, implementing control measures, and providing training and supervision. Employees are responsible for following safety procedures, using protective equipment, and reporting hazards or incidents.

Question 25: Describe the importance of effective communication in promoting workplace safety.

Answer 25: Effective communication is essential for promoting workplace safety by ensuring that employees understand safety policies and procedures, can report hazards or concerns, and can collaborate effectively to address safety issues and implement control measures.

6. Tips for Preparing for the NEBOSH IGC Exam

  • Study the Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the NEBOSH IGC syllabus and ensure thorough coverage of all topics.
  • Practice Past Papers: Practice solving past exam papers to understand the format, time management, and types of questions.
  • Join Study Groups: Collaborate with peers or join study groups to discuss concepts, clarify doubts, and enhance learning.
  • Revise Regularly: Review your notes regularly to reinforce learning and ensure retention of key concepts.
  • Stay Calm and Focused: Maintain a positive mindset, manage stress effectively, and stay focused during the exam.

7. Conclusion

Obtaining NEBOSH IGC certification is a significant achievement that enhances career prospects and demonstrates a commitment to ensuring a safe and healthy work environment. By understanding the exam structure, preparing diligently, and practicing sample questions, candidates can increase their chances of success.

NEBOSH IGC Exam Interview Questions and Answers

NEBOSH International General Certificate (IGC)

Types of NEBOSH Certificates and Diploma

The Future of NEBOSH Certificates

Types of NEBOSH Certificates

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Is NEBOSH IGC certification internationally recognized? Yes, NEBOSH IGC certification is recognized and respected worldwide, making it valuable for individuals seeking employment globally.
  2. What is the passing score for the NEBOSH IGC exam? The passing score for each unit of the NEBOSH IGC exam is 45 out of 100 marks.
  3. How long is the NEBOSH IGC certification valid for? NEBOSH IGC certification does not have an expiry date. However, it is recommended to stay updated with current health and safety practices through continuous professional development.
  4. Can I retake the NEBOSH IGC exam if I fail? Yes, candidates are allowed to retake the exam if they fail to achieve the passing score.
  5. How long does it take to prepare for the NEBOSH IGC exam? The preparation time varies depending on individual study habits and prior knowledge. On average, candidates spend 80-120 hours preparing for each unit.


  1. Bonnie Simfukwe Bonnie Simfukwe

    Im enjoying your valuable and insighting page very educative and help to someone like me preparing to set for NEBOSH IG in future , its just that the program is expensive for a us who intend to self sponsor.


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